At least 1,100 people are killed and another 934 wounded after a stampede during the Hajj in Saudi Arabia.
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), a Mars orbiter launched into Earth orbit by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), successfully inserted into orbit of Mars.
A 7.7-magnitude earthquake strikes southern Pakistan, killing more than 327 people.
The G20 summit begins in Pittsburgh with 30 global leaders in attendance. It marks the first use of Long-Range Acoustic Devices in U.S. history.
Between 30,000 and 100,000 people take part in anti-government protests in Yangon, Burma, the largest in 20 years.
Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating portions of southwestern Louisiana and extreme southeastern Texas.
Representatives of 71 nations sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
The Cambodian monarchy is restored, with Norodom Sihanouk as king.
CompuServe launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service.
Dougal Haston and Doug Scott on the Southwest Face expedition become the first persons to reach the summit of Mount Everest by any of its faces.
Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
Japan Airlines Flight 472, operated Douglas DC-8-53 landed at Juhu Aerodrome instead of Santacruz Airport in Bombay, India.
USS Enterprise, the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, is launched.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A blue moon is seen as far away as Europe.
The Honda Motor Company is founded.
Clark Clifford and George Elsey, military advisers to U.S. President Harry S. Truman, present him with a top-secret report on the Soviet Union that first recommends the containment policy.
Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong.
Earl and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi.
Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar agree to the Poona Pact, which reserved seats in the Indian provincial legislatures for the "Depressed Classes" (Untouchables).
Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.
His Majesty's Airship No. 1, Britain's first rigid airship, is wrecked by strong winds before her maiden flight at Barrow-in-Furness.
U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
"Black Friday": Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
Admiral Despointes formally takes possession of New Caledonia in the name of France.
The first airship powered by (a steam) engine, created by Henri Giffard, travels 17 miles (27 km) from Paris to Trappes.
Mexican-American War: General Zachary Taylor captures Monterrey.
The Sultanate of Brunei cedes Sarawak to the United Kingdom.
Belgian Revolution: A revolutionary committee of notables forms the Provisional Government of Belgium.
The United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act which creates the office of the United States Attorney General and the federal judiciary system, and orders the composition of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Benedict Arnold flees to British Army lines when the arrest of British Major John André exposes Arnold's plot to surrender West Point.
Second Tantrik Coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Battle of Rowton Heath, Parliamentarian victory over a Royalist army commanded in person by King Charles.
Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies.
Second Council of Nicaea: The council assembled at the church of Hagia Sophia.