Seventeen Indian Army security personnel killed in the Indian Administrated Kashmir by anti-government militants.
Two security personnel, 17 worshippers in a mosque, and 13 militants are killed following a Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan attack on a Pakistan Air Force base on the outskirts of Peshawar.
Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom.
The 2011 Sikkim earthquake was felt across northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and southern Tibet.
Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.
Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.
First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention is adopted.
United States media magnate Ted Turner donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.
An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers in Yellowknife, Canada.
End of pro-democracy uprisings in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students), are killed by the Tatmadaw.
Joe Kittinger completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
Soyuz 38 carries two cosmonauts (including one Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station.
Voyager I takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
The Bahamas, East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.
North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration of South Vietnam.
Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.
The NAFC and CCCF merge into CONCACAF.
U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.
Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term, when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.
Operation Polo is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of the army of Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, Nizam of Hyderabad.
The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States under the National Security Act.
The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the United States Armed Forces.
General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
World War II: The British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Jun'yō Maru, 5,600 killed.
World War II: Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.
The British liner SS City of Benares is sunk by German submarine U-48; those killed include 77 child refugees.
World War II: Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.
The Mukden Incident gives Japan a pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.
The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations.
Fritz Pollard becomes the first African American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.
World War I: South African troops land in German South-West Africa.
The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House.
Fashoda Incident: Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.
Booker T. Washington delivers the "Atlanta compromise" address.
The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
Panic of 1873: The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.
Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.
First publication of The New-York Daily Times, which later becomes The New York Times.
The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Tiffany and Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".
The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.
First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.
The Royal Opera House in London opens.
The first cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington.
The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.
George I, the first Hanoverian king, arrives in Great Britain after becoming king on August 1st.
New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria declares war on France.
The twelfth Baktun in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar begins.
Christopher Columbus lands at Honduras on his fourth, and final, voyage.
In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.
Norwegian king Harald Hardrada lands on the beaches of Scarborough and begins his invasion of England.
Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.
Nerva is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.